The Red Line of Ecology

André Gorz in conversation with Willy Gianinazzi

(Editions E.H.E.S.S., 107 pages, 2015)


André Gorz’s thinking has crystallized, through his philosophical and sociopolitical books, on how life is fought by the capitalistic mega machine which reduces human beings to consuming and working functions.

—Willy Gianinazzi

André Gorz answered questions and discussed increasingly important social subjects in three unpublished interviews in 1990, 2003, and 2005. As the founder of political ecology, he recalled his friendship with Jean-Paul Sartre (who appreciated their equal-to-equal relationship), and talked about how their conversations contributed to his reflections on a wide range of topics: wage labor issues, such as the reduction of work time; social alienation; guaranteed basic income; and the works of Karl Marx, the French sociologist Alain Touraine, and Austrian philosopher and priest Ivan Illiche.

 Willy Gianinazzi is a historian and was close friends with Gorz, as well as a specialist of Gorz’s work. He edited and chose to publish these three interviews in one publication, in order to demonstrate how Gorz’s thinking has always been contemporary, always current, and how his philosophical reflections were always driven by people and their well-being in society.

André Gorz (1923–2007) was a philosopher. He was a journalist for Les Temps Modernes (Jean-Paul Sartre’s journal), L’Express, and founder of the magazine Le Nouvel Observateur (still one of the most prominent news magazines in France). His books include Le Traître (The Traitor, Verso, 1989) and one of his latest, Lettres à D. Histoire d’un amour (Letter to D: A Love Letter, Polity, 2009) in 2006, an ode to his sick wife, before they committed suicide together a year later.