Who Was Alain Robbe-Grillet?
(Éditions EHESS, 204 pages, 2018)
Robbe-Grillet’s theories constitute the most ambitious aesthetic program since Surrealism.
Robbe-Grillet is important because he has attacked the last bastion of the traditional art of writing: the organization of literary space.
I doubt that fiction as art can any longer be seriously discussed without Robbe-Grillet.
―New York Times
Alain Robbe-Grillet was an emblematic figure of the postwar French avant-garde. As one of the originators and key theoreticians of the Nouveau Roman or New Novel, he wrote experimental works of fiction that rejected conventional storytelling. As a filmmaker, he is best known for his work on Alain Resnais’s 1961 cult film, Last Year at Marienbad. As the five interviews in this book reveal, he remains, even in his later years, not only a fiercely opinionated provocateur, but also a warm host and an avid ex-agronomist who never stopped cultivating a love for the world of plants. The interviews, conducted between 1991 and 2000 by Roger-Michel Allemand, show vividly both Robbe-Grillet’s polemical verve and conceptual depth and the lesser-known aspects of his life and personality.
In the first interview, “Autobiography,” Robbe-Grillet discusses his conception of autobiography and how his approach marks a rupture from the literary devices that have traditionally characterized the genre. Autobiography, he said, is not an exposition of facts whose significance has been determined in advance. For him it had to be, first and foremost, an open-ended exploration: “I do not know where I am going nor who I am,” he said, “and that is precisely why I start writing about myself.”
In “Encounters,” Robbe-Grillet talks about his family background, the value of his early education, and his literary preferences. He evokes the encounters that led him to become a literary advisor at Editions de Minuit, the publishing house that famously launched many of the New Novelists. But his more important encounters were with works of literature, and, in particular, his determinant discovery of Franz Kafka.
In “Enigmas,” he shares his predilection for Breton legends, ghost stories, detective novels, and his fascination for the mysteries of Number Theory. And that brings him to a discussion of intertextuality and his practice of making collages, sometimes in collaboration with artists such as René Magritte and Robert Rauschenberg.
In “Theories,” he returns to the early days of the New Roman, which was, in his eyes, an adventure more than a movement. He shares anecdotes on the various writers now identified under that label and critically evaluates their works.
Finally, in “Sentiments,” the reader is invited into the intimacy of the artist. Robbe-Grillet details his writing habits, the things he loves, from botany and cactuses to Gustave Flaubert and German culture. The intimation of aging and death is delicately touched upon in the retelling of the traumatic loss of his beloved garden devastated by a storm.
Roger-Michel Allemand, a French literary critic and specialist of the New Novel, is a worthy, and not easily fazed, interlocutor. His brilliant and, at times edgy, conversations with Robbe-Grillet―often interrupted by Robbe-Grillet’s invitation to share a meal―offer rich insights into Robbe-Grillet’s personality, life, and thought.
Alain Robbe-Grillet (1922-2008) was a novelist and filmmaker, and the pioneering spokesman of the Nouveau Roman. His early novels include A Regicide (Oneworld Classics, 2015), The Erasers (Grove Press, 1994), The Voyeur (Grove Press, 1994), Jealousy and In the Labyrinth published together in 1994, by Grove Press. Robbe-Grillet’ s other works translated into English include For a New Novel: Essays on Fiction (Northwestern University Press, 1992) and La Belle Captive: a Novel, written in collaboration with René Magritte (The University of California Press, 1996).
Dictionary for Lovers of Marcel Proust
Jean-Paul and Raphaël Enthoven
(Plon/Grasset, 736 pages, 2013)
***Winner of the 2013 Femina Prize for Best Essay***
A is for Agony. Z is for Zinedine de Guermantes. While the work of Marcel Proust continues to be assailed by hordes of purists, snobs, and fetishists who often spoil the pure joy of diving into the oeuvre of one of the greatest writers of all time, this seven-hundred-page dictionary catalogs Proust’s more bizarre details, allusions, and heretofore under-remarked curiosa. With Raphaël Enthoven minutely and textually exploring À la recherche du temps perdu (In Search of Lost Time) and Jean-Paul Enthoven exploring the variations on Proust himself, the two authors tackle this monument of literature with the casualness (and erudition) it deserves.
Eschewing tired, well-worn aspects of Proustism for delightfully unusual entries, the authors put together this compilation with contagious enthusiasm. From Datura to Kabbalah, from Plotinus to Schopenhauer, and Asparagus to Oscar Wilde (whose rudeness at the Proust residence inspired one of the French writer’s most memorable characters, the Baron de Charlus), these analyses spark a fresh discussion of Proust’s colorful biography and literary genius.
Several excerpts from correspondence and Proust’s actual works are reprinted in this mischievous and thorough addition to the “Dictionary for Lovers of . . .” series, a work as scholarly as it is amusing. While the Enthovens suggest rereading the seven volumes of In Search of Lost Time at least four times in order to discover the relevant passages for each phase of life, even the less ambitious will come away from this resource with their curiosity piqued and a desire to revisit Proust’s work with a richer understanding, if not to pick up for the first time what previously seemed daunting.
Jean-Paul Enthoven is a writer, editor, and literary columnist, as well as a member of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. In addition to Dictionnaire amoureux de Marcel Proust, four of his other works, all published by Grasset, have also won prestigious literary prizes: Saisons de papier (2016), La dernière femme (2006), Aurore (2001), and Les enfants de Saturne (1996).
Raphaël Enthoven, a professor of philosophy, is an established radio and television host and producer. He is also a prolific writer with over a dozen works published in France.
The two authors, father and son, are media personalities and can count on influential networks of support in the written and audiovisual press.